GMAT is one of the popular standardised tests accepted at universities around the world. Knowing the correct Exam Pattern and Format is compulsory if you want to prepare well for the GMAT. Here is everything you need to know about the GMAT Pattern.

GMAT Analytical Writing Assessment Section Pattern

  • In the Analytical Writing Assessment section, you need to write a well-structured essay in 30 minutes.
  • Before you get to your essay, you will have 10 minutes to read a tutorial with instructions on the essay and how to navigate the text box. 
  • Once you start the section, you will see an essay prompt in the form of a short excerpt of an argument.
  • The scores are marked in the scale of ranging from 0 to 6.

GMAT Integrated Reasoning Section Pattern

  • You will answer 12 questions in 30 minutes.
  • This GMAT section asks you to evaluate data in multiple formats. This data may be given to you in a passage, chart, graph, or other graphic. Your task is to interpret and synthesize data and evaluate statements.
  • You will only get 1 minute to read the instruction on test day, or you can click through before the minute is up to start working.
  • Integrated Reasoning is the only section on the GMAT where you can use a calculator. You cannot bring your own, instead will use the on-screen calculator tool. 
  • This section is scored between 1 and 12.
  • There are 4 question types in the IR section. 
  1. Table Analysis Questions - These questions will present you with a table of data. You will sort the data to help you evaluate the accuracy of 4 to 5 statements. Each statement will have opposing answers, like yes or no, true/false, inferable/not inferable, and you will have to select 1 answer.
  2. Graphics Interpretation Questions - Here you have to interpret a graph or image and then use drop-down menus to complete various response statements. Your task is to choose the answer that makes the answer statements accurate.
  3. Multi-Source Reasoning Questions - With these questions, you will get a set of tabs that you can click through. Each tab will have information on a specific topic. This information might be presented in the form of a passage, graphic, or chart. You will have to use all data from all 3 tabs to determine the accuracy of various statements.
  4. Two-Part Analysis Questions - Finally, two-part analysis questions present you with a table of answer choices. You have to select 1 answer from each column to solve a problem. 

GMAT Quantitative Section Pattern

  • The Quantitative section has 31 math questions which is to be completed in 62 minutes.
  • The Quantitative section is 1 of 2 adaptive sections on the GMAT. Questions are selected depending on your performance. If you get a question correct, then your next question will be more difficult. If you get a question incorrect, then you will move on to an easier question. 
  • This section mainly focuses on arithmetic, geometry, algebra and logic.
  • It is scored between 0 and 60. 
  • There are 2 main question types,  
  1. Problem Solving Questions - Problem-solving questions are straightforward math problems. You will solve these questions and come up with 1 answer. All of them are multiple-choice and feature 5 answer choices. 
  2. Data Sufficiency Questions - Data sufficiency questions are a bit more unusual. They present you with a formula or graphic, followed by a problem and 2 statements. It is your task to figure out whether the statements, alone or together, give you enough information to solve the original problem.

 GMAT Verbal Section Pattern

  • The Verbal section is 65 minutes long.
  • There are 36 questions, and is adaptive. 
  • It is scored between 0 and 60. 
  • You will have to evaluate arguments and pinpoint their strengths and weaknesses.
  • There are 3 main question types in the Verbal section: 
  1. Reading Comprehension Questions - You should get about 4 passages in the Verbal section. You will read through the passages and then answer 3 or 4 questions about each one. These questions might ask about meaning, logic, or central premise.
  2. Critical Reasoning Questions - Rather than writing an entire 30-minute essay about each prompt, though, you will answer a multiple-choice question. These questions often give statements and ask you which one would weaken, strengthen, or complete the argument. They might also ask you to evaluate the structure, find an assumption, make an inference, or evaluate a conclusion.
  3. Sentence Correction Questions - Sentence correction questions present a sentence, often long and wordy, with a certain word or phrase underlined. Your task is to figure out whether the underlined portion has an error, and if it does, how it should read instead. You will get 5 answer choices with suggested revisions. The first answer choice will always be the same as the underlined portion. You will choose this first version if there is no error in the original sentence.
As you can see, there is a lot that you can learn about the GMAT exam pattern before actually taking the test. While you won't know exactly what questions you will get, you can know how many questions you will get, what they will look like, and how much time you have per section.  You can then use the above information to help you figure out how to approach different questions, take notes efficiently, and get more questions right.