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Hungary is a country at the heart of Europe. Its capital, Budapest, is bisected by the Danube River. Its cityscape is studded with architectural landmarks from Buda’s medieval Castle Hill and grand neoclassical buildings along Pest’s Andrassy Avenue to the 19th-century Chain Bridge. Hungary has a wealth of culture and history, and its language istotally different. Therefore, it is said that Hungary is a land of great contrasts.
Hungary is land which has its neighbors like Austria, Slovakia and Serbia.Hungary has also earned the nickname "land of waters", because of its largest lake in Europe which is Lake Balaton. Budapest which is itis split on the Western side by the Danube River and on the Eastern side by the Pest. As Hungary is located at a geo-thermic area it has a warm atmosphere and it also has almost thousand thermal water springs. It also includesLake Hévíz which is the second largest thermal Lake in the whole world.
Carpathian Basin which is considered as one of the largest continuous grasslands in Europe in its lower area Hungary is situated. In the depths of the Hungary It also consists of some fearless adventurers. In the Revolution of 1956 Hungary gained great international attention. In 1989 there was an influential opening of its border which was restricted in past. In the 19th century Hungarian became the official language of the country. Hungarian language was recommenced and was promoted to a literary level.
Hungary is a located in the Central Europe With a land area of 93,028 square km. From North to South It is about 250km and from East to West it is 524 km. It has almost 2,106 km of boundaries.Hungary has several high ranges of mountains, but there are 2% mountains which reaches heights of 300 m or more. Hungary’s highest point is Kékes which is 1,014 m in the Mátra Mountains which is in the northeast of Budapest. The lowest spot in Hungary is located in its south near Szeged which is above sea level and it is 77.6 m.
The Danube and Tisza are the major rivers in Hungary. Danube is navigable within Hungary for 418 kilometers and The Tisza is navigable for 444 km in the country. Hungary also has other two major lakes which includes Lake Balaton and Lake Velence. The Great Alföld, the Transdanubia, and the North Hungarian Mountains are the three major geographic regions of Hungary.
Hungary’s best Natural Resource is fertile land, but its quality differs a lot. About 70% of the country's total territory is suitable for agriculture, and out of this 72% is arable land.Hungary has a mainly continental climate, where winters are somewhat cold and in summers it is Warm to hot. The average annual temperature in Hungary is almost 10 °C, and in summer it is 27 to 35 °C, and in winter it is 0 to −15 °C and Average yearly rainfall is about 600 mm. In Hungary its western part receives more rain than the eastern part.
Transportation system in Hungary is very convenient, as it includes in it International, domestic, commuter trains, buses, trams, and the metro even the fares are such which one can afford. For frequent Users,there are monthly passes available which covers all the modes of public transportation and these passes are available at all major metro ticket booths and also at other main transit stations. The Hungarian Flex pass allows travel throughout Hungary for 10 days in a month for US$69.Hungarian motorways and expressways are part of the national road network. As of October 2016, there are 1,481 kilometers of controlled-access highways.
Urban transport is well developed in Hungary, with efficient bus (and, in many cities and towns, trolleybus) services. It usually runs from about 5.30am to 9pm in the provinces and a little longer in the capital. Student’s have to make more use of public transport in Budapest. Many Places can covered through walking, here bus services are not very frequent.
Travelling without a ticket is an offence, one can be out off in the jail and even fined at that moment.
Christianity is the major religion in Hungary. About 68% are Roman Catholic, 21% Reformed Protestant and 6% Evangelical Protestant. There are also small Greek Catholic and Orthodox congregations. Hungary’s Jews number is around 80,000.
Only about 1.8% of the people in Hungary practice Greek Catholic Christianity. However, this is a group of very loyal Christians who work on the preservation of their faith. The Greek Catholic Churches are famous for their architecture and many tourists and locals often visit here Judaism, Islam, Buddhism and Paganism are also practiced in Hungary. Though in Hungary different religions are followed, but Christianity is followed by 1.9% of people. Judaism has the highest share which is 0.1 %.Hungarians are very tolerant and respectful of minorities and they give the freedom to all the citizens to practice their faith.
Politics & Economy
Politics of Hungary takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representing democratic republic. The Prime Minister is the head of government, while the President is the head of state and holds a largely ceremonial position.
Legislative power is the one which is enjoyed by the government and the parliamentboth, But the Executive power is the one which is exercised by the Government only. There are also opposition parties which are representing in Parliament.
Hungary is a constitutional statewhich is independent and democratic. Hungary has been member of the European Union since 2004 and ithas also been a parliamentary republic since 1989. In Communist Hungary, the Council of Ministers represents the executive branch.
Hungary is having a mixed economy which is having high-income and even a very high human development index and also with very skilled labor force. Hungary is the 13th lowest income inequality in the world andalso the 14th most complex economy as per the Economic Complexity Index.
The Hungarian economy which is 57th-largest economy in the world has $265.037 billion annual output, and it is having 49th rank in the world in terms of GDP. Hungary is the 35th largest export economy in the world, with a heavy emphasis on foreign trade.
Hungary's capacity of production is also comparativelymore with 39.1% overall taxation, which funds the country's welfare economy. In Central and Eastern Europe Hungary is one of the leading nations for attracting foreign direct investment. The employment rate in the economy was 67.4% in January 2017.